The Mangalica has an amazing short history, relatively speaking and was nearly moved to the edge of extension.
Around 1955 their numbers were reduced from approximately 18,000 in number to 243 ten years later and shockingly in 5 more years reduced to between 35-40 pigs. Following regime change rebuilding the herd began in earnest with governmental support. Sixty-four years later, in 1994, the Hungarian National Association of Mangalica Pig Breeder within the Agricultural University of Debrecan. Fourteen years later there were 8600 ‘controlled sows’. Initially there were 53 lines those being reduced to 27 lines alive today. Sadly lost were 26 lines equaling 49%.
Mangalicas are the product of Hungarian farmers achieved by crossing 2 species of domestic pigs with a Serbian breed of hog and the European wild boar. During the 1830’s Hungarian farmers developed the curly haired pig crossing the Bakony and Szalonta with European wild boar, and the Sumadija breed from Serbia. Known for its thick, wooly coat appearing much like a sheep. Mangalicas are the only remaining breed the only other having a long coat is the now extinct Lincolnshire Curly of England.
Three types of Mangalicas have been bred: swallow belly, blond and red. Born with stripes similar to the wild boar. Known for their high quality lard they are prized in the charcuterie restaurants. Their lard is seasoned and used as butter having an abundance of Omega 3’s and 6’s. The breed is considered a lard type hog.
Mature weights tend to be for males 150-170 pounds and females 140-160 pounds.
Breed description: described by the Hungarian National Association of Mangalica Breeders
BLONDES - the curly – haired Sumadija pig played the major role in developing the Blonde Mangalica Pig in the 1830’s. “ The typical lard type pig is characterized with unpretentious Ness with a good fat producing capacity. It has bristles that occur in all colour variants from grey to yellow and yellowish-red.
SWALLOW-BELLIED – was developed from the cross breeding of mangalicas and szerémségi from a region in Hungary. Bristle of the swallow belly is black back, sides, and lower part of the body. Chin up to the corner of the mouth are white or silver grey bristles. Tail is white with black tassel.
RED – The red variant was produced using the szalontai , újszalontai crossed with the Mangalica around the beginning of the twentieth-century. Red mangalica bristle is darker or lighter of the reddish- brown shad in winter curls are thick, long, dense and curly. In summer coat is shorter and